[Calculation 5] Gauss’s Summation Formula

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Theorem. (Gauss’s Summation Formula) For $\text{Re}c>\text{Re}b>0$, $$ {}_2 F_1 (a,b;c;1) = \frac{\Gamma(c) \Gamma(c-a-b)}{\Gamma(c-a)\Gamma(c-b)} $$ holds.   Proof. We remember that the Euler Integral Representation for the hypergeometric function is $$ _2 F_1 (a,b;c;z) = \frac{\Gamma(c)}{\Gamma(b)\Gamma(c-b)} \int_0^1 \frac{t^{b-1} (1-t)^{c-b-1}}{(1-tz)^a}\,dt. $$ Taking … Continue reading